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**Indian mathematics** emerged in the Indian subcontinent from 1200 BCE until the end of the 18th century. In the classical period of Indian mathematics (400 CE to 1600 CE), important contributions were made by scholars like Aryabhata, Brahmagupta, Mahāvīra, Bhaskara II, Madhava of Sangamagrama and Nilakantha Somayaji. The decimal number system in use today was first recorded in Indian mathematics. Indian mathematicians made early contributions to the study of the concept of zero as a number,negative numbers,arithmetic, and algebra. In addition, trigonometry
was further advanced in India, and, in particular, the modern definitions of sine and cosine were developed there. These mathematical concepts were transmitted to the Middle East, China, and Europe and led to further developments that now form the foundations of many areas of mathematics.

Ancient and medieval Indian mathematical works, all composed in Sanskrit, usually consisted of a section of *sutras* in which a set of rules or problems were stated with great economy in verse in order to aid memorization by a student. This was followed by a second section consisting of a prose commentary (sometimes multiple commentaries by different scholars) that explained the problem in more detail and provided justification for the solution. In the prose section, the form (and therefore its memorization) was not considered so important as the ideas involved. All mathematical works were orally transmitted until approximately 500 BCE; thereafter, they were transmitted both orally and in manuscript form. The oldest extant mathematical *document* produced on the Indian subcontinent is the birch bark Bakhshali Manuscript, discovered in 1881 in the village of Bakhshali, near Peshawar (modern day Pakistan) and is likely from the 7th century CE.

This page contains text from Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia -
https://wn.com/Indian_mathematics

**Indian mathematics** emerged in the Indian subcontinent from 1200 BCE until the end of the 18th century. In the classical period of Indian mathematics (400 CE to 1600 CE), important contributions were made by scholars like Aryabhata, Brahmagupta, Mahāvīra, Bhaskara II, Madhava of Sangamagrama and Nilakantha Somayaji. The decimal number system in use today was first recorded in Indian mathematics. Indian mathematicians made early contributions to the study of the concept of zero as a number,negative numbers,arithmetic, and algebra. In addition, trigonometry
was further advanced in India, and, in particular, the modern definitions of sine and cosine were developed there. These mathematical concepts were transmitted to the Middle East, China, and Europe and led to further developments that now form the foundations of many areas of mathematics.

Ancient and medieval Indian mathematical works, all composed in Sanskrit, usually consisted of a section of *sutras* in which a set of rules or problems were stated with great economy in verse in order to aid memorization by a student. This was followed by a second section consisting of a prose commentary (sometimes multiple commentaries by different scholars) that explained the problem in more detail and provided justification for the solution. In the prose section, the form (and therefore its memorization) was not considered so important as the ideas involved. All mathematical works were orally transmitted until approximately 500 BCE; thereafter, they were transmitted both orally and in manuscript form. The oldest extant mathematical *document* produced on the Indian subcontinent is the birch bark Bakhshali Manuscript, discovered in 1881 in the village of Bakhshali, near Peshawar (modern day Pakistan) and is likely from the 7th century CE.

This page contains text from Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia -
https://wn.com/Indian_mathematics

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The award of the prestigious Fields medal to a Stanford University **mathematician** of **Indian** origin, Akshay Venkatesh, four years after Manjul Bhargava won the coveted award has once again led to the familiar lament about India’s lack of academic talent and its scarcity of world-class institutions ... The **Indian** government is understandably trying to play catch-up....

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Akshay Venkatesh, a renowned **Indian**-Australian **mathematician**, has been awarded the Fields Medal, which is often called the Nobel Prize of mathematics ... He is the second **Indian**-origin **mathematician** to win the prize ......

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In the same ceremony, **Indian**-Australian **mathematician**, Akshay Venkatesh, who is currently teaching at Stanford University, Germany's Peter Scholze, who teaches at the University of Bonn and Alessio Figalli, an Italian **mathematician** at ETH Zurich were also awarded the Fields medal....

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Akshay Venkatesh, a renowned **Indian**-Australian **mathematician**, is one of four winners of mathematics’ prestigious Fields medal, known as the Nobel prize for math....

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Akshay Venkatesh, a renowned **Indian**-Australian **mathematician**, is one of four winners of mathematics' prestigious Fields medal, known as the Nobel prize for math. The Fields medals are awarded every four years to the most promising **mathematicians** under the age of 40. ... The prize was inaugurated in 1932 at the request of Canadian **mathematician** John Charles Fields, who ran the 1924 Mathematics Congress in Toronto....

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Akshay Venkatesh, an **Indian**-Australian **mathematician**, is among the four winners of the Fields Medal, regarded as the Nobel prize in mathematics ... The citation for his medal, which was awarded at the International Congress of **Mathematicians** in Rio de Janeiro, highlights his “profound contributions to an exceptionally broad range of subjects in mathematics” and his “strikingly far-reaching conjectures.”....

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Akshay Venkatesh, a renowned **Indian**-Australian **mathematician**, is one of four winners of mathematics' prestigious Fields medal, known as the Nobel prize for math. The Fields medals are awarded every four years to the most promising **mathematicians** under the age of 40 ... The prize was inaugurated in 1932 at the request of Canadian **mathematician** John Charles Fields, who ran the 1924 Mathematics Congress in Toronto....

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